Private Investigator Doing SurveillanceSurveillance is an art that an investigator masters from years of experience through trial and error. Surveillance may sound simple, however, there are several obstacles that meet the most experienced investigator. For example Surveillance requires a private investigator to sit in a vehicle for long hours in the middle of the hot sunny California, while being quiet and alert of the surroundings. Private Investigator must keep a close watch on the subject in order to be ready and follow.

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In order to engage in a successful surveillance, a private investigator must have the most advanced equipment and tools since most people who are being watched are surveillance sensitive and always paranoid and looking around. Surveillance is a very useful investigative service and tool since it provides intelligence and and overall picture of a person, business or entity. For example most people who are committing or doing wrongful activity are naturally paranoid and their conscience play a big part that indicates guilt but at the same time caution. Human nature plays a very unique part of any surveillance, it can be described as a sword that cuts both ways: Through a video surveillance you can clearly notice from the body language how a person is uneasy, paranoid and looking around to ensure that he/she are not caught committing or doing something wrong. At the same time this uneasy feeling and paranoia allows the perpetrator to become more responsive, alert and fully aware of the surroundings. An experience PI surveillance expert would have learned that obtaining several different types of video equipment, binoculars, internet access in a vehicle and most advanced surveillance tools & tactics are a must for successful results of an investigative surveillance.

Private Investigator can set up a surveillance anywhere in the world. Surveillance MJ PI had covered the Earth to form the biosphere. Private Investigators — thinking surveillance — would eventually encompass life to form a higher layer, a cogitative layer private investigator MJ called the noosphere surveillance. MJ PI Surveillance that figure holding that large ancient volume, that was part and entity of the noosphere. The surveillance took place from the Red Sea and only through the Seas of Knowledge; MJ PI, who come down here all the way from Ancient Egyptian times. was able to commence the surveillance via sea.

MJ PI Surveillance International & world wide Expert; The surveillance, or “PI stakeout,” requires a PI to logically observe people and places from a distance. A surveillance by a Private Investigator can be set up in variations to include the one- and two-person Private Investigator surveillance techniques. The PI Surveillance is more successful with fruitful results as a 2 PI surveillance technique. The 2 PI surveillance technique, allows a PI surveillance agent to periodically switch positions, reducing a suspect’s chances of spotting them. By contrast, The PI surveillance agent assigned to one-person surveillance is very stressful and must run video at all times. The PI surveillance agent will be unable to take his eyes off the scene since once the action occurs; You only have that priceless video moment to record. A good Private Investigator surveillance agent will want to record that special moment for his/her own gratification even though The Private Investigator surveillance will be paid for the time spent at the surveillance site. PI: is a Private Investigator who conducts a surveillance and therefore, referred to as a Private Investigator surveillance.

What is surveillance?

Surveillance is the close observation of a person, place, or object. It is the practice of watching a subject in order to document and identify any of the contact, interactions, or whereabouts of the subject. Surveillance investigations can include:

  • Missing person searches
  • Cheating spouse investigations
  • Recurrent theft
  • Worker’s compensation cases
  • Vandalism

 Why Conduct Surveillance?

There are a number of reasons to conduct surveillance. Surveillance is conducted to prevent crime, to obtain evidence of a crime, to obtain evidence in civil suits, to document an individual’s location, to document activities in or around a specific location or building, to obtain information to be used in an interrogation, to gather intelligence, or to obtain information to be used in court.

Simply, you might need surveillance from a qualified private investigator at some point in your life. With marital infidelity on the rise, employee dishonesty increasing, and crime rates a concern for everyone across the country, surveillance is one way you can stay safe and secure. Surveillance gives you the facts and proof you need about those people you trust with your home, your children, your money, and your life.

Does Surveillance Affect Privacy?

Many people worry that surveillance affects their privacy. Often times, surveillance is a balancing act of security and privacy concerns. Thus, it’s important to stay on the right side of the law. New privacy laws mean that surveillance through audio and video equipment as well as other forms of surveillance equipment can be restricted when not performed by a private investigator.

Can I Use Home Surveillance Systems?

If you want security surveillance for your home, home surveillance equipment usually causes very few legal problems. As long as you’re not using home surveillance equipment to monitor people without their permission, you can generally use security surveillance equipment to keep your home safe from intruders. If, on the other hand, you are using surveillance techniques or surveillance equipment to observe potentially cheating spouses, potentially dishonest employees, or caretakers, you may be breaking the law.

Who Should Conduct Surveillance?

The best option is to hire a qualified private investigator. A professional investigator is licensed and insured to provide surveillance and to gather evidence through audio and video equipment. Plus, a professional investigator is often the most effective way to observe someone or something. Investigators are trained for years in order to be able to track down alleged criminals or uncover dishonesty in any form. Since private investigators are well-versed in current laws and often work with police and police investigations, you don’t have to worry about legal impediments when you entrust your surveillance needs to investigator. Plus, investigators have access to various types of surveillance equipment–such as one-way mirrors, specialized equipment, and special vehicles–that can make surveillance more effective. If surveillance reveals illegal activity, evidence gathered by private investigators often stands up in court much better than evidence gathered by the average citizen.

Or you could commit time researching laws in your area or hiring a lawyer to find out whether your surveillance techniques are legal in your area. Of course, you can always stop surveillance entirely and just hope that the people you trust with your safety and security are, in fact, trustworthy. But let’s face it: these alternatives either put you at risk or are expensive.

Looking for a Surveillance Investigator?

If you suspect that a spouse is cheating, that a nanny or babysitter is abusive, or that an employee is dishonest, it can be difficult to concentrate on everyday tasks. Why waste your time, energy, and stay up nights worrying? A single call to a private investigator can put you on the path to learning the truth. Call US now at 714-592-8000.

You don’t even have to spend hours researching the best private investigators in your area. We are nationwide and have affiliates and offices all over California & the USA.

Why do we conduct surveillance?

Surveillance is conducted to prevent a crime, to obtain evidence of a crime, to obtain evidence of wrongful action in a civil suit, to document an individual’s location, to document activities in or around a specific location or building, to obtain information to be used in an interrogation, to gather intelligence as a basis for future action and to obtain information to be used in court.

What are the different types of surveillance?

The types of surveillance that fit with individual cases vary. Private investigators have to decide which types of surveillance are best suited by understanding the case and the desired outcome of the surveillance. The nature of the case will dictate whether the surveillance will be mechanical or human, whether it will be covert or overt and whether the surveillance will be stationary or mobile.

Mechanical Surveillance vs Human Surveillance

Mechanical surveillance is when technological devices are used to conduct surveillance. This is beneficial because equipment doesn’t get tired, hungry, or bored. Equipment can be used at multiple locations at the same time and information from equipment at different locations can be accessed simultaneously. For example, mechanical surveillance would be used over human in a case where someone is stealing from a construction site. Private investigators can put up cameras and go back and harvest the recordings.

Human surveillance is when the investigative team is the main source of information. Human surveillance includes tailing targets and observing targets in person. If a private investigator is looking for a missing child, they have to start by investigating the usual haunts of the child and personally visiting those locations.

Overt Surveillance vs Covert Surveillance

Overt surveillance is visible security like security agents at the mall and security cameras in casinos. With overt surveillance, people know the surveillance equipment is there to make sure no one is stealing or cheating.

Covert surveillance is undetected surveillance. Undercover detectives usually conduct this type of surveillance. It may involve trailing a target or using a piece of equipment, like a GPS tracking device, on a company truck or automobile without the company or driver’s knowledge (provided this it does not violate the laws within that state).

Mobile Surveillance vs Stationary Surveillance

Mobile surveillance involves following a moving target. Say a case involves theft from a transporter, investigators may have to follow it along its route to observe whether or not an employee or driver is stealing.

Stationary surveillance is when the investigator stays in one place to observe the target. If a neighbor is complaining that somebody is damaging their property, a private investigator can watch the property from a stationary post, like a parked car.

Preparing for Surveillance

Know the client’s needs. What is it that the client is trying to accomplish through surveillance? The answer to this question determines what types of surveillance will be needed, the scope of the project and the types of equipment that will be used. Private investigators have to educate the potential client and manage their expectations as investigations are often more complicated and costly than the client anticipates.

Know the subject

Before conducting surveillance investigators should always complete a background check with comprehensive records research on the target and acquire as much information as possible about them- name, address, phone number, complete physical description, photograph and relatives in the immediate vicinity. Private investigators will also want to know pertinent background information such as routines, habits, hobbies, schedules and associates.

Know the area

Private investigators should always have a map of the area where the surveillance will be taking place. If possible, they should also have a photograph of the building they are watching or the location where surveillance will begin. If surveillance is taking place at night or in the early morning, it’s good to visit the site during various periods of the day and night.

Know your equipment

The kind of equipment a private investigator uses is contingent upon the nature of the surveillance itself. Investigators need to get familiar with their equipment ahead of time and practice with it. If surveillance involves a camera or a video camera, prepared investigators will have two of them with backup batteries. Sometimes investigators don’t get a second opportunity to capture an activity.

Every private investigator should have a flashlight for working at night, binoculars or a telescope, a tape recorder, two-way radios for team surveillance, a tripod for security equipment, gas in the car, appropriate attire, snacks and water.

Know yourself

I’m an avid believer in stress management. Investigators must do what is necessary to prepare their minds for work, like exercise, get plenty of sleep and have a practiced plan. All private investigators should also to be prepared for a situation where they are approached by a stranger or by the police while conducting surveillance. I always have a convincing story ready to tell. For stationary surveillance in a car I might say, “I’m doing a speed study”.

What Every Investigator Should Know About Conducting Surveillance

Surveillance is incredibly demanding and challenging. Private investigators who are successful at surveillance have to possess certain qualities. Someone with an outgoing personality, exceptional communication skills, the ability to take action, a good memory, an ability to blend into their surroundings and a strong attention to detail would be a good fit for surveillance. This person should also be honest, patient, observant, resourceful, flexible and focused. Not every person is able to sit for hours and focus on a particular area. Investigators often sit in an automobile for up to ten hours on the coldest day of winter or the hottest day of summer.

Ethics and Laws Relevant to Conducting Surveillance

All private investigators should know the laws that may affect their work in their respective states. Trespassing and audio recording laws are especially important to know. Laws regarding audio recording vary across the states and some states prohibit covert audio recording. In Massachusetts, a state where two party consent is necessary, audio recording without consent is a 15 year felony.

Informing Authorities about Investigations

In California there is a courtesy notification form private investigators fill out to inform police when they will be in an area. An investigator should never tell them the nature of the investigation nor tell them whom they are investigating. Say a neighborhood watch reports suspicious activity in their area, if the police already know a private investigator is there, it rules them out as a suspect. Some states do not have this option, so if a private investigation is interrupted, don’t argue, just leave.

How can surveillance aid an investigation?

Surveillance is not always necessary in an investigation. Surveillance adds to an investigation when a visual confirmation of the actions or the whereabouts of the target is necessary to concluding the investigation. If an investigator needs to catch a thief in the act, find and confirm the whereabouts of a missing person or prove a worker’s compensation claim is false, surveillance is necessary.


Each of the three core competencies of private investigation plays a critical role in working through an investigation. As a valuable tool, interviewing helps investigators get more information and a clearer picture of the situation they are investigating. Combining that knowledge with records research and the basics of surveillance helps investigators hone their skills and become more effective in the field.

Personal security cameras – how they are used

Even though security was always an important issue for many people, it seems that nowadays, that’s even more important. The crime rates that are constantly on the rise are one good reason for the lack of trust among people. The personal security cameras are seen as one of the most efficient tools for making sure that someone can be considered trustworthy and honest. They can bring us the peace of mind we all need when allowing a stranger to be responsible for things or people we care the most.

For an example, nowadays, the personal security cameras are widely used as nanny spy cameras. Many mums don’t fully trust their new nannies and because of that they use hidden cameras to monitor the behavior of their new nannies. The fact that the cameras are disguised as clocks, statues or air purifiers makes them very convenient for use.

Another way that they are used is as bedroom spy cameras. Many men and women feel insecure when they are out on a business trip or spending long hours at work. Because of that they sometimes install a hidden bedroom spy camera to make sure that their partner is worthy of their trust.

Many managers and HR companies use mystery shoppers with body worn hidden cameras. That way, they can rely not only on the mystery shopper has to report to them, but on what they can actually see on the recording. That is why managers and HR employees care more about the quality of the camera that the mystery shopper will wear, than the actual mystery shopper.

Vehicle protection is always on the table with personal security cameras. Not only that the camera will record everyone that tries to steal your vehicle, but it will also record if some of your teenage children borrow it without you knowing about it.

If you need a private investigator in Orange County, Riverside, San Bernardino, or anywhere in Southern California to run surveillance for you, contact Blue Systems International today – 714-592-8000.

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